The Congress of the United States is the legislative branch of the federal government.The Clerk is also charged with supervision of the offices vacated by Members due to death, resignation, or expulsion.The presiding officer sits in a chair in the front of the House chamber.Although the Constitution provides that U.S. Senators serve for a term of six years,.Each House may also appoint special investigating committees.
The Sergeant at Arms enforces the rules relating to the privileges of the Hall of the House, including admission to the galleries, oversees garage and parking security of the House, and distributes all House staff identification cards.Clerk of the House The Sergeant at Arms maintains the order of the House under the direction of the Speaker and is the keeper of the Mace.In addition, there are select committees in each House (one in the House of Representatives), and various congressional commissions and joint committees composed of Members of both Houses.For the calendar year 2012, the current term of Congress is the 112th Congress.The Twelfth Amendment requires the House to choose from the three candidates with the highest numbers of electoral votes.
Party leaders decide what legislation members of their party should either support or oppose.The standing committees of the Senate and the House of Representatives can be viewed from the links below.
Is it time to change the length of terms for Congress?
First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln.Thus, with its potential to frustrate Presidential appointments, the Senate is more powerful than the House.Members of Congress under FERS contribute 1.3 percent of their salary into the FERS retirement plan and pay 6.2 percent of their salary in Social Security taxes.Generally, each party honors the preferences of individual members, giving priority on the basis of seniority.Frequently Asked Questions: United States Poets Laureate - Bibliography (Virtual Services and Programs, Digital Reference Section, Library of Congress).By law, Representatives must be elected from single-member districts.
The Senate is composed of 100 Members, 2 from each State, who are elected to serve for a term of 6 years.Exceptions can result in so-called floor fight—convention votes by delegates, with outcomes that can be hard to predict.The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress which, along with the United States House of Representatives, the lower chamber, composes.The Chaplain leads the House in prayer at the opening of the day.The American Speakership: The Office in Historical Perspective (2nd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.New Ways and Means: Reform and Change in a Congressional Committee. Univ. of North Carolina Press.The Clerk reads the list of members of the House, each of whom announces their vote when their name is called.
Congressional Term-Limits Bill Introduced By House
A Rage for Justice: The Passion and Politics of Phillip Burton. Univ. of California Press.In 1995, Republicans under Newt Gingrich set a limit of three two-year terms for committee chairs.The average age of a senator is 60 (the oldest ever) and the average age of a member of the House is 55 (the oldest in more than a century).It is divided up, as it were, into forty-seven seigniories, in each of which a Standing Committee is the court-baron and its chairman lord-proprietor.Each House committee and subcommittee is led by a chairman (always a member of the majority party).
When a Popular Idea Meets Congress: The History of the
Members of Congress receive retirement and health benefits under the same plans available to other federal employees.The Speaker is the presiding officer of the House but does not preside over every debate.Members use a personal identification card to record their votes at 46 voting stations in the chamber.The length of terms of state representatives in the 49 American lower chambers is either two years or four years.Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States.After a census is taken (in a year ending in 0), the year ending in 2 is the first year in which elections for U.S. House districts are based on that census (with the Congress based on those districts starting its term on the following Jan. 3).Remini, Robert V. (1992). Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union.
Since the Speaker is a partisan officer with substantial power to control the business of the House, the position is often used for partisan advantage.The Resident Commissioner and Delegates may take part in the floor discussions but have no vote in the full House or in the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union.A member of the House is referred to as a representative, congressman, or congresswoman.Each party elects a floor leader, who is known as the Majority Leader or Minority Leader.The issue was discussed but the general conclusion was that they were establishing short terms for elected.Congressional Committees The work of preparing and considering legislation is done largely by committees of both Houses of Congress.In an American tradition adopted from English custom in 1789 by the first Speaker of the House, Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania, the Mace of the United States House of Representatives is used to open all sessions of the House.
Look up brief biographies of Senators from 1774 to the present in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
United States Poets Laureate: A - Library of CongressStates typically redraw district boundaries after each census, though they may do so at other times, such as the 2003 Texas redistricting.There are 448 permanent seats on the House Floor and four tables, two on each side.
United States Senate - WikipediaThe Republicans took control of the House in 1995, under the leadership of Speaker Newt Gingrich.All 435 voting seats of the current House shown grouped by state, largest to smallest.During the first half of the 19th century, the House was frequently in conflict with the Senate over regionally divisive issues, including slavery.Cornell, Health Benefits for Members of Congress and Certain Congressional Staff, Congressional Research Service, February 18, 2014.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the Senate composes the legislature of the United States.